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French Social Security

Social security contributions (charges sociales or cotisations sociales) are collected by the state to fund France’s welfare system: health and sickness cover, family benefits, pension, unemployment benefit and workplace accident cover and deducted by employer from the salary every month.

Employers paying around 30%

Employees paying around 18%.


EU/EEA citizens are usually covered in France by their home country’s systems. In case of planning to be resident in France, you should register in the social security system.

Non-EU/EEA citizens must have a residency permit to be eligible for social security coverage in France.


The French social security system

It is basically the French familiarly call la Sécu, is divided into four different categories, which are called regimes as below:

  • general scheme(The régime general) – trade and industry (salaried), for employees, covering over 80% of the population
  • autonomous schemes (régime autonome) – self-employed, for non-agricultural self-employed or professions
  • agricultural scheme (régime agricole) – for people working in agriculture
  • special schemes (régimes spéciaux) – for specific categories, like civil servants or railway workers

The régime général, which covers some 80 percent of French citizens, divides up into four sectors:

  • Health insurance and accidents at work
  • Retirement
  • Family income support
  • The collection of contributions
  • The system is one big alphabet soup of unwieldy agency names.


For further details please click here.

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Contracting in France
 Capital  Paris
 Population  Approx. 67 million
 Language  French
 Currency  1 Euro (EUR) = 100 cents
 Government  Semi-presidential republic