Since Luxembourg is a member of the Schengen Area, Schengen visa holders are able to move freely between the states on a short-term basis for up to 90 days, for either the purpose of tourism or business. With a Schengen visa, it is possible to enter one country and travel freely throughout the Schengen zone and passport holders of certain other countries can benefit from the same rule.
As it was already mentioned, EU citizens and others who are allowed free movement may enter Luxembourg and stay there for up to 3 months with a valid identity card or passport. In order to extend the stay, they have to either be employed by a company, self-employed, enrolled at a public or private educational institution or have sufficient resources to not be a burden on the social security system and have health insurance coverage. They have to go to the local authority offices in their place of residence within three months of arrival, in order to apply for a registration certificate.
For most non-EU nationals who wish to stay for up to three months, a visa is necessary. A short-stay visa can be applied for at a local Luxembourg embassy or consulate. Following documents are necessary submit – application, a valid passport, proof of reason for visit, accommodation details and a return-ticket and it is also required to fill in an arrival certificate within three days at the administration communale (local authority offices).
In such a case of intention to stay for more than three months, it is necessary to apply for a temporary residence permit as an employee or self-employed person, sportsperson, student, pupil, intern, researcher or family member from the immigration ministry before they arrive in Luxembourg, as this permit serves both as a residence and a work permit, replacing the typical work permit. It can actually be done at the local consulate or embassy. If there is not an Embassy of Luxembourg available, a Belgian or Dutch embassy can usually provide the same applications.
How to apply for a Luxembourg visa or permit
Following documents have to be provided, such as a passport that is valid until a certain date after arrival, birth certificates of all family members, marriage or divorce certificates, proof of financial means and proof of school admission for students, and most of the documents will need to be translated and basically, it takes about three months for the permit to be awarded.
Registering with communal administration, Luxemburg ID cards
In general, anyone with the intention to stay longer than a year will have to apply for a foreigner’s identity card and register with the communal administration.
The administration will supply the forms for the card and the list of required documents. Usually, you are supposed to have a passport that has your provisional residence permit in it, a work permit or proof of financial resources, medical certificate, three passport size photos, a certificate of address change, a certificate of good conduct and a tax stamp.
Tax stamps have to be obtained from an office of the Administration des Enregistrements et Domaines, a department of the Ministry of Finance generally referred to simply as l’Enregistrement. If there isn’t an office in every town, your town hall will advise you where the nearest office is.
After submitting your application for your identity card, you can expect it to take up to one year for the identity card to be issued to you. Please note, that while you are waiting for the identity card you might get a call from the local police, that may call to ask you some routine questions or to verify information like your salary.