Contracting in Sweden
Are you planning to be contracting in Sweden? These pages will give you an overview about Sweden as a country, what’s required of you to be contracting in Sweden. Learn more about how to apply for Visa and Work Permit if necessary, the percentage of the Swedish Income Tax and how the Swedish Social Security works. For more practical information, download our guide Start Contracting in Sweden or our International Contracting Guide.
How to start contracting in Sweden?
Work Requirements in Sweden
In order to work in Sweden, non-EU/EEA citizens require a work permit. However, once a permit is granted, it must be entered into the citizens’ passport before arrival into Sweden. In general, special rules apply for EU/EEA citizens, their relatives and long-term residents in the EU and they can work without. Read more about Swedish Work Requirements.
Swedish Visa and Work Permit
All citizens of non-EU/EEA countries must apply for a valid visa to visit and work in Sweden. A visa is a permit to travel to and stay in a country for a maximum of 90 days. Otherwise, if you intend to stay in Sweden for longer than 90 days, you will need a visitors’ residence permit. Read more about Swedish Visa and Work Permit.
Swedish Income Tax
Taxation is relatively high in Sweden and contributes to three levels of the Swedish government: local, regional and central. However, the process is relatively straightforward, as income is taxed at source. Taxation is usually around 30% of income and is both direct and indirect. Taxes are collected by the Swedish Tax Agency. Income tax includes a state tax and a municipal tax. If working in Sweden for less than six months you can apply for a special income tax rate of 25% (SINK). If remaining for a longer period, you have to follow normal tax rules. Read more about Swedish Income Tax.
Swedish Social Security
In general, there are common rules for social insurance within the EU, such as that you normally have social insurance in the country which you live in. On one hand, if you work in a different country from the one where you live, the principal rule is that you have social insurance in the country where you work. On the other hand, there are also particular exceptions, for example for labour sent abroad, concurrent work in two or more countries, and various exemptions. However, there are also special rules for certain groups such as seafarers and those employed in international transport. Social security contributions are paid in the country in which you have social insurance. Read more about Swedish Social Security.
Sweden as officially the Kingdom of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy with a monarch as head of state. It is a Scandinavian country bordering Norway and Finland. Additionally, Sweden is also connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund. In fact, it is the third-largest country in the European Union at 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi) with a total population of over 9.9 million. This country consequently has a low population density of 21 inhabitants per square kilometre (54/sq mi). Moreover, Sweden is 1,574 kilometres from top to bottom. It can be divided into three major regions: Götaland in the south, Svealand in the middle and Norrland in the north.
The capital of Sweden, Stockholm, with more than 850,000 inhabitants is also the country’s largest city. There are other large cities such as Gothenburg, in western Sweden (population 532,000), and Malmö (population 300,000) in the south.
Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. It is, on one hand, a member of the European Union, but has its own currency, the krona, or Swedish crown.
Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times. Emerged into history as the Geats/Götar and Swedes/Svear and constituting the sea people known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is mostly agricultural, while the north is heavily forested as less than three percent of Sweden’s land area is built up. Additionally, forests cover 69 percent of the country.
This country is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia. Therefore the climate is in general very mild for its northerly latitude but still retains warm continental summers.