The fast-pace changes in the job market and implementation of innovative technologies require from employers and governments a new way of thinking and addressing the needs of employees who would like to manage their employment status with more freedom and work life balance.
Italy did just this. Recent changes in VAT regime and new law on “smart working” in Italy may be the lean way to overhaul the work and employment environment. “Smart working” defines the flexibility in the performance of one’s job, both at the employer’s premises or elsewhere, without fixed working hours or work station.
The aim is to grant equality of treatment amongst all kind of employees
The core aim of this law is to grant equality of treatment amongst all kind of employees, both working at the employer’s premises and not. The new provisions established the validity and consequential application of collective bargaining agreements, with provision related to minimum and maximum working hours, rest time and the necessity to have in place a private written agreement specifying disciplinary breaches and employer assessments of the work performance.
The law covers mandatory insurance coverage for injures at work and occupational disease. Moreover, the law established a 30-day notice to terminate any permanent smart-work relationship.
Subsequently, a great attention was reserved for freelancers and independent contractors: they must get paid no later than 60 days after the date of the invoice and provide adequate notice of termination. Freelancers are to obtain intellectual property rights, together with the right to unpaid leave up to 150 days per year for maternity, sickness and injures.
Finally, they also have the right to require a written agreement governing their services, and freelancers would also obtain tax relief from any certification/training/insurance cost incurred.